Food and treatment of fatty liver disease
There are two main types of fatty liver disease: alcohol-induced and unalcoholic. Nearly one-third of Americans are affected by fatty liver disease. This is the main cause of liver failure. People who are overweight or sedentary, and who consume a high-processed diet are most likely to have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Diet is one of the best ways to treat fatty liver disease. As the name suggests, fatty liver disease means you have too much fat in your liver. The liver is responsible for removing toxins from the body and producing bile. The liver is damaged by fatty liver disease and it stops working as well as it should.
The diet for fatty liver disease generally includes:
- Many fruits and vegetables
- High-fiber plants such as legumes and whole-grain are a good choice.
- Very little sugar, salt, trans fat, refined carbs, or saturated fat.
- no alcohol
You can lose weight by eating a low-fat, low-calorie diet. This will help reduce your risk of developing fatty liver disease. Ideally, if you’re overweight, you would aim to lose at least 10 percent of your body weight.
Here are some foods you can include in your healthy liver diet.
1. Reduce liver enzyme abnormalities with coffee
Studies have shown that coffee drinkers with fatty liver disease have less liver damage than those who don’t drink this caffeinated beverage. Caffeine appears to lower the amount of abnormal liver enzymesTrusted Source of people at risk for liver diseases.
2. Greens to reduce fat accumulation
Broccoli is shown to help prevent the buildup of fat in the liver trusted Source in mice. Eating more greens, like spinach, Brussels sprouts, and kale can also help with general weight loss. Try the Canadian Liver Foundation’s recipe for vegetarian chili, which lets you cut back on calories without sacrificing flavor.
3. Tofu reduces fat accumulation
A University of Illinois study on rats found that soy protein, which is contained in foods like tofu, may reduce fat buildup in the liver. Tofu is also low in fat and high-protein.
4. Fish is good for fat and inflammation
Omega-3 fatty acids are abundant in fatty fish like salmon, tuna, and sardines. The liver can be enriched with omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce inflammationTrustedSource. Try this teriyaki halibut recipe, recommended by the Canadian Liver Foundation, that’s especially low in fat.
5. Oatmeal for energy
Whole grains such as oatmeal provide energy-giving carbohydrates. They also provide fiber, which can help with weight maintenance.
6. Walnuts for improving the liver
These nuts contain high levels of omega-3 fatty acids. Research findsTrusted Source that people with fatty liver disease who eat walnuts have improved liver function tests.
7. Avocado protects the liver
Avocados are high in healthy fats, and research suggests they contain chemicals that might slow liver damage. Avocados are also high in fiber which can aid with weight control. Try this refreshing avocado and mushroom salad from Fatty Liver Diet Review.
8. Protect your milk and other low-fat dairy products from harm
Dairy is high in whey protein, which may protect the liver from further damage, according to a 2011 study trusted Source in rats.
9. Sunflower seeds are rich in antioxidants
These nuts-tasting seeds are rich in vitamin E, which may help protect the liver from further damage.
10. Olive oil to control weight
This oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. This oil is healthier than butter, margarine, and shortening. ResearchTrusted Source finds that olive oil helps to lower liver enzyme levels and control weight. Try this liver-friendly take on a traditional Mexican dish from LiverSupport.com.
11. Garlic helps to reduce body weight
This herb not only adds flavor to food, but experimental studies also show that garlic powder supplements trusted Source may help reduce body weight and fat in people with fatty liver disease.
12. Green tea to absorb less fat
Although data support the idea that green tea may reduce fat absorption, these results aren’t yet conclusive. Researchers are studying whether green tea can reduce fat storage in the liver and improve liver function. But green tea also has many benefits, from lowering cholesterol to aiding with sleep.